Tuesday, January 18, 2011

Haym Salomon - member of the 'Liberty Boys' and 'Sons of Liberty'

Haym Salomon descendants
Born 1740 in Leszno, Poland
Son of Unknown Salmon and Rebecca Unknown
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of Rachel Franks (Married in [location unknown] January 1777)
Father of Ezekiel Salomon, Sallie Andrews, Deborah Salomon and Haym Salomon
Died January 6, 1785 in Philadelphia, PA

About Haym Salomon

Haym Salomon (or Hayim Solomon) was born in 1740 in Leszno/Lissia, Poland. His father was a Rabbi in Poland, who originally came from Portugal.
Traveling Europe in the 1760s and early 1770s, Haym learned finance, business, and several languages.
He came to New York City about late 1772. In NYC, Haym was a merchant and also had a brokerage firm and commission merchant's company.
He also became a member of the 'Liberty Boys' and 'Sons of Liberty'. He arranged for arms to be shipped into the colonies from the Dutch island of St. Eustatius, and caused a lot of trouble for the British.
Haym had been imprisoned by the British while in NYC (at the "Old Sugar House", a warehouse) as a spy in 1776 where he later suffered from tuberculosis. Haym was pardoned and used to translate German with the German soldiers for the British. He also helped American prisoners escape from the British and encouraged hundreds of German soldiers to leave the British service.
Haym married Rachel Franks in January 1777. His first child, Ezekiel, was born July 1778.
Out of prison, Haym continued supporting the rebellion against England. Arrested again for his pro-rebel activities, then tortured and sentenced to death by hanging by the British in Aug. 11, 1778. His property was also taken by British. Haym used his knowledge of German (he spoke eight languages) to convince his Hessian jailer with a bribe of money to escape with him (or help him escape) to Philadelphia, where he arrived penniless.
He escaped with his family back in NYC while he followed Geo. Washington's Army and fled to Philadelphia, PA. Haym joined with other Jews who had fled British control.
Haym established himself as a broker, selling currency and bank notes at a discount. He made a good deal of money as a broker, merchant and auctioneer from 1781 to 1784 - he was an official broker in PA - converted bills of exchange and foreign government notes (France & Holland), changing into spendable cash. Often working out of the "London Coffee House" in Philadelphia, he acted as a broker for the Office of Finance. Haym owned a black slave named "Joe" who ran away in 1780.
He always managed to raise necessary funds, esepcially to fund supplies, food and equipment for the patriot soldiers. Haym was known to give support money (interest-free loans) to patriots in Phil., PA, like James Madison. Gen. George Washington knew he could always count on Haym Salomon to secure money to keep the Continental Army running.
Haym put 350,000 sterling pounds into the Yorktown campaign led by George Washington. He had first used his own fortune (600,000 sterling pounds) and when that ran out secured money from other Jewish communities. He was considered to be the financial hero of our American Revolution.
At the end of the war, 1783, a small portion of the money was repaid but most of it was never repaid.
Another of Haym Salomon's contributions was to serve as a trustee and contributor to construction of a building in 1782 (paid 1/3 the costs) for the new Mikveh Israel congregation in Phil., PA, just a few blocks from Independence Hall.
Also, Haym had organized the Jewish War Veterans.
Besides his frist son, Ezekiel Salomon, born July 20, 1778; there was Sallie Salomon born Oct. 17, 1779; Deborah Salomon born Jan. 12,1783; and Haym Moses Salomon born April 23, 1785.
Haym Salomon, the financial wizard to the Revolution never got to see his fourth child. Haym's illness from his time in British prisons caught up with him. Haym died Jan. 6, 1785 in Phil., PA. With his early death at age 45, his wife, Rachel had her hands filled raising the four young children. With the loans and monies given out during the war, the Salomons had no money left. Haym had died poor.
Haym was buried at Mikveh Israel Cemetery in Philadelphia, PA.
The obituary printed in the Independent Gazetteer read: "Thursday, last, expired, after a lingering illness, Mr. Hyam Salomon, an eminent broker of this city, was a native of Poland, and of the Hebrew nation. He was remarkable for his skill and integrity in his profession, and for his generous and humane deportment. His remains were yesterday deposited in the burial ground of the synagogue of this city."
His descendants in the nineteenth century attempted to obtain compensation from Congress, but were unsuccessful.


Public Bulletin Board

Please add a message for others interested in the family history or personal story of Haym Salomon.
On July 24, An anonymous user at wrote:
I am a great-great-great-great-great grandson of Haym Salomon. My great-great grandmother was Rebecca Rosalie Alice Salomon Sheen who was born in Philadelphia and died in New York, the great-grandaughter of Haym.
E. M. Weingust.

On May 4, An anonymous user at wrote:
I am a direct descendant of Haym Salomon - my father Ferdinand Lewis Salomon II, his father Lewis George Salomon, Ferdinand Lewis Salomon I, Lewis Joseph (?), Ezekial Salomon, etc. But I lose track of the lineage between Haym and Lewis J. who lived in New Orleans, but passed away in NY in 1921. Any help is appreciated.

F.L. Salomon III
Pensacola, FL

On March 28, An anonymous user at wrote:
i am the ninth genaration of haym salomon

On March 26, An anonymous user at wrote:
Like so many Jews who emigrate to America or are born here, I love this Country and what it stands for in the World. Chaim Solomon knew this, and he proved that with his actions. America is great because of men such as this, but I am even more proud of Chaim Solomon because he demonstrated the highest form patriotism: giving and expecting nothing back, knowing that liberty for his fellow citizens was enough. God Bless Chaim Solomon & God Bless America.

On February 24, An anonymous user at wrote:
My name is Joan Solomon ,My family has told me of the history of Haym ,I wonder if I am related? My fathers name is Ellis Solomon,His father's name was George Solomon.

On February 2, An anonymous user at wrote:
God bless you and your family for such a sacrifice as the one your ancestor made on behalf of this country. It is an unsung act of heroism that is hidden under a humble title "Financial Hero" which many cannot relate to and therefore have yet to discover. If only more knew of what he and his family did.

Memories about Haym

On November 25
In 1941 - a Memorial to Geo. Washington, Robert Morris and Haym Salomon erected in Chicago. The plaque reads:
"Haym Salomon - Gentlemen, Scholar, Patriot. A banker whose only interest was the interest of his Country. "

DuringWW II - a liberty ship was named for him “SS Haym Solomon”

A special honored of his image on a US postal stamp in 1975.

1 comment:

  1. Im a proud to say i am apart of this amazing bloodline!